The New Deals*
The Early New Deal: The "One Hundred Days" and After (1933-34)
- First Weeks: National Bank Holiday; emergency banking legislation; economy in government; the end of prohibition.
- Agriculture: Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 (AAA). (see also, Soil Conservation Act of 1936; Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938).
- Industry: National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933; National Recovery Administration (NRA)..
- FDR takes US off the Gold Standard.
- Credit for Farms and Homes: Farm Credit Corporation; Homeowners Loan Corporation, Federal Housing Administration (FHA).
- Relief and Employment: Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA); Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC); Public Works Administration (PWA); Civil Works Administration (CWA).
- Regulation of the Stock Market: Securities Act of 1933; Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, establishing the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
- Banking Regulation: Glass-Steagall Banking Act of 1933, separating commercial & investment banking and creating FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation).
- Communication Act of 1934. Created the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
- Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).
The "Second" New Deal (1935-36)
*Thanks to American University, History 296