Campaign Finance:  New Rules

I. The Long History of Campaign Finance Reform

    A. The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 and Subsequent Changes

    B. Buckley v. Valeo (1976)

II.  McCain-Feingold

    A.  Critique

    B.  FEC Ruling

    C. McConnell v. FEC (2003)

III. The Costs of Democracy and Who Pays for It

    A. The Costs (presidential; congressional; summary)

    B. Sources of Campaign Funds

        1. Individual Contributions

        2.    Political Action Committees (growth, chart)

        3.    Types (FEC Lists PAC Activity)

4.   Top PACS

5.   527 Organizations

         6. Political Parties

         7. Soft Money (banned in 2002)

         8. Public Financing (critique)

Key Web Sites

Federal Campaign Finance Laws

A Primer on Campaign Finance 

Campaign Finance Institute

Campaign Finance:  Hoover Institution

Federal Election Commission

Presidential Campaign Finance:  George Washington University